World’s Largest Conservation Area Founded in Southern Africa

The SADC (Southern African Development Community) Summit in Angola’s capital Luanda saw the formal and legal establishment of the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA). On 18 August 2011 the presidents of Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe signed a treaty establishing a 444,000 km² Peace Park comprising some of Southern Africa’s most renowned wilderness areas.

The riverine network that springs from the highlands of Angola and feeds the Okavango Delta and the mighty Zambezi River attracts a unique diversity of wildlife. Here in the heart of Southern Africa Nature shows off all its wealth. With the elimination of man-made borders this abundant wildlife area will become even more impressive. Comprising Namibia’s Caprivi Strip, the Okavango Delta, Chobe, the Victoria Falls and large parts of Zambia, Zimbabwe and Angola the animals will be able to roam freely in an area roughly the size of Sweden. Re-establishing the migration routes is a milestone in Southern African nature conservation. The Kavango Zambezi Conservation Area will include 17 established wilderness areas in 5 countries:


  • Mavinga Game Reserve
  • Luiana Game Reserve


  • Bwabwata National Park
  • Mamili National Park
  • Mudumo National Park


  • Chobe National Park
  • Moremi Game Reserve
  • Makgadikgadi National Park
  • Nxai Pan National Park


  • Kafue National Park
  • Liuwa Plain National Park
  • Sioma Ngwezi National Park
  • Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park


  • Hwange National Park
  • Victoria Falls National Park
  • Kazuma Pan National Park
  • Zambezi National Park

What is a Peace Park?

Peace Parks are areas dedicated to nature conservation, connecting cultures as well as promoting tourism and economic stability beyond the restraint of national borders. While the conservation of wilderness areas is a key focus, peace parks also include residential and agricultural areas. Peace Parks promote sustainability in agriculture and transnational cooperation. Examples in Southern Africa include the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and the Great Limopo Transfrontier Park, which includes Kruger National Park.

The Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Park is expected to boost tourism in the area. Easier travel across national borders will make the area more accessible to visitors, while highlights such as the Victoria Falls or the Okavango Delta will continue do draw wildlife enthusiasts into the area. An increase in tourism could be the driving force behind sustainable economic growth. Residents in the park and on the outskirts are expected to benefit from the development around the peace park. The 5 countries sharing the natural resources of this rich area could set an impressive precedent for peaceful transnational cooperation.

Open Borders for Wildlife

The concentration and diversity of wildlife in this area is incredible. While the large herds where confined to relatively small areas, the KAZA Conservation Area now opens up ancient migration routes, allowing 250,000 elephants, countless wildebeest and many other species to move between their natural feeding grounds.

About Robert Rothe

Robert Rothe has written 5 post in this blog.

The Cape Town based German is a blogger and copywriter, who loves to surf, run, cycle, hike and explore Southern Africa.

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